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Study: Cannabis Legalization Has Reduced Opioid-Related Deaths in Colorado

Sun, 10/15/2017 - 18:25
The legalization of cannabis in Colorado has reduced opioid-related deaths, according to a new study published by The American Journal of Public Health.

The objective of the study, conducted by researchers at the University of North Texas School of Public Health, the University of Florida, and Emory University, was to “examine the association between Colorado’s legalization of recreational cannabis use and opioid-related deaths.” To do this researchers “used an interrupted time-series design (2000-2015) to compare changes in level and slope of monthly opioid-related deaths before and after Colorado stores began selling recreational cannabis.” They also “describe the percent change in opioid-related deaths by comparing the unadjusted model-smoothed number of deaths at the end of follow-up with the number of deaths just prior to legalization.”

According to the study’s abstract; “Colorado’s legalization of recreational cannabis sales and use resulted in a 0.7 deaths per month (b = -0.68; 95% confidence interval = -1.34, -0.03) reduction in opioid-related deaths. This reduction represents a reversal of the upward trend in opioid-related deaths in Colorado.”

The study concludes by stating; “Legalization of cannabis in Colorado was associated with short-term reductions in opioid-related deaths. As additional data become available, research should replicate these analyses in other states with legal recreational cannabis.”

The full study can be found by clicking here.

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Survey: 11% of D.C. Area Government Employees Have Bought Legal Marijuana

Sun, 10/15/2017 - 18:04
According to a new survey, 11% of government employees in the D.C. area have purchased marijuana legally from a dispensary.

The 11% is considerably higher than the 8% average among all adults in the D.C. media market, which covers roughly five million adults in D.C. as well as parts of Virginia, Maryland and West Virginia. The survey of 1,368 people was conducted by Consumer Research Around Cannabis.

The 11% of government employees having legally purchased marijuana account for an even higher percentage of total marijuana buys at 16.7%. The survey found that 41% of the government employees approved of both legalized adult use and medical marijuana, with only 11% opposed to both.

“Those in charge are anti-marijuana, but that doesn’t represent what most people believe in the higher levels of these agencies”, says NORML founder Keith Stroup. “Most people at the Department of Justice are frankly embarrassed by Attorney General Sessions.”

Interesting, the survey found that 88.3% of those who purchased marijuana recently are employed in some capacity, compared to just 64.5% of the general population in the same area. 76% of these consumers have a household income of $50,000 a year or more, with 37% saying they are making over $100,000. In addition, 68% have at least an undergraduate degree.

“I think it’s clear that the data debunks many of the negative connotations attached to cannabis use – weather for medicinal or recreational use,” said Jeff Stein, Vice President at Consumer Research Around Cannabis. “They are well educated, have good jobs and are on financially sound. Cannabis consumer data like this should be a wake-up call to government officials and companies that have thus far ignored this growing consumer group.”

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Colorado: $1 Billion in Legal Marijuana Sold in First 8 Months of 2017

Thu, 10/12/2017 - 06:05
From January 1st of this year to the end of August, there was over $1 billion worth of legal marijuana and marijuana products sold in Colorado.

Colorado marijuana sales have surpassed the $1 billion mark in just eight months this year. In 2016, it took 10 months to reach the same mark. According to The Cannabist, year-to-date sales are up 21% this year compared to the first eight months of 2016, when sales totaled $846 million.

The over $1 billion in legal marijuana sales for 2017 have resulted in over $162 million in taxes for the state. This is garnered from a 15% excise tax on marijuana sales, which was raised in July from 10% (though at the same time marijuana sales were exempted from the states standard 2.95 sales tax).

In total there has been roughly $4 billion in marijuana sold since legal sales began in 2014: $699 million in 2014, $996 million in 2015, $1.3 billion in 2016, and $1.02 billion so far this year.

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Atlanta Mayor Signs Marijuana Decrim Bill Into Law

Thu, 10/12/2017 - 04:49
Atlanta Mayor Kasim Reed has signed ordinance 17-O-1152 into law, which reduces the penalty for possession of one ounce of marijuana or less to a maximum of $75, and instructs the Atlanta Police Department to conduct training on the new penalty provision.

The ordinance, introduced by Councilmember Kwanza Hall, eliminates the possibility of jail time for a conviction of possessing one ounce or less of cannabis under the City Code. The maximum penalty would become a fine of $75. Prior to the new law, possessing an ounce or less of marijuana would result in a fine of up to $1000 and up to six months in jail.

“I am pleased to sign this ordinance, which eliminates jail time as a penalty for a conviction for possession of less than an ounce, into law”,said Mayor Reed in a press release. “I also want to thank Councilmembers Keisha Lance Bottoms and Kwanza Hall for their work not only to pass this ordinance, but also to make sure our officers in the Atlanta Police Department receive the appropriate training. People of color, young and low-income people are disproportionately jailed – with sentences up to six months – for possessing small amounts of marijuana. An average of 1,000 people are arrested each year in Atlanta for possession only. We needed to change that. I believe our public safety resources are better directed to stopping and preventing violent crime.”

The new law was passed unanimously earlier this month.

“Today we stand with every parent of Atlanta who is fearful of or has seen their children’s lives destroyed, or careers ruined because of a racist policy that unjustly incarcerated minorities by more than ninety percent,” said Councilmember Hall following the vote. “Reforming the racist marijuana laws on the book in Atlanta has been just one in a number of reforms that I have fought for.”

 

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U.K.: Parliament Votes Unanimously on Bill to Legalize Medical Cannabis

Wed, 10/11/2017 - 10:22
Legislation that would legalize medical cannabis has been approved through its first reading in the U.K. Parliament.

The proposal, introduced by MP Paul Flynn, was passed on a unanimous vote.

“The bill went through its first reading today without opposition,” said Flynn in an interview with Marijuana.com. “The other matter, which was of more importance is that a few hundred people gathered up here and broke the law. I invited them here and suggest they [consume cannabis] because the law has proved to be an ass.”

Flynn noted that he was thankful that there were no arrests at the protest. “They could have been thrown into jail for five years for what they did. I think we’ve got to say to the government now, if they are so cowardly and unintelligent as to believe that an illegal market is better than a legal market, it is up to the public to prove that [they] are wrong.”

Flynn says that he “didn’t take any cannabis today but I would have if there had been any arrests. I would have joined in solidarity, having made the call for people to do it. People were using cannabis in cakes, in drinks and used as a vapor.”

Parliament is expected to hold a second reading for Flynn’s measure in February.

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California Governor Vetoes Bill to Ban Smoking and Vaping at State Parks and Beaches

Tue, 10/10/2017 - 03:33
Legislation passed by California’s House and Senate to ban smoking and vaping at state parks and beaches has been vetoed by Governor Jerry Brown.

Surfrider Beach in Malibu.

Senate Bill 386 would have banned smoking and vaping at all California parks and beaches and would have mandated that signage be posted alerting patrons to the new law. This would have effected nearly 300 state parks and nearly 300 miles of state beaches.

If the measure wasn’t vetoed, it would have instituted fines of up to $485 for those caught smoking tobacco or cannabis.

“Last year I vetoed Senate Bill 1333, a similar measure, because I believed that such a far=reaching prohibition in every state park and on every state beach was too broad”, Governor Brown stated in a public statement regarding the veto. “If People can’t smoke even on a deserted beach, where can they? There must be some limit to the coercive power of the government.”

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Study: Medical Marijuana Dispensaries Associated With Reduced Drug-Induced Mortality Rates

Mon, 10/09/2017 - 08:11
Medical marijuana dispensaries are associated with a reduction in prescription drug-related hospital admissions, and moralities, according to a new study published by the Social Science Research Network.

“As the U.S. opioid epidemic surges to unprecedented levels and individual states continue to enact laws liberalizing marijuana use, understanding the relationship between narcotics and marijuana consumption is growing increasingly important”, states the study’s abstract. “This paper uses a unique marijuana dispensary dataset to exploit within- and across-state variation in dispensary openings to estimate the effect increased access to marijuana has on narcotic-related admissions to treatment facilities and drug-induced mortalities.”

The study’s lead researcher, a University of Georgia economics professor, found that “core-based statistical areas (CBSAs) with dispensary openings experience a 20 percentage point relative decrease in painkiller treatment admissions over the first two years of dispensary operations.” The effect is strongest for “non-Hispanic white males in their thirties, a demographic whose recent increase in morbidity and mortality rates diverge from prior trends and from those of other demographic groups over the same time period.”

Finally, the study provides “suggestive evidence that dispensary operations negatively affect drug-induced mortality rates.”

The study concludes by stating; “These results are confined to the areas directly exposed to dispensary openings suggesting a substitutability between the drug types while shedding light on the channel through which the negative relationship is being driven.”

The full study can be found by clicking here.

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Bill to Add Butane as a Controlled Substance Vetoed by California Governor

Mon, 10/09/2017 - 07:01
California Governor Jerry Brown has vetoed a bill that would have made butane a controlled substance.

Assembly Bill 1120 would have made an amendment to section 11107 of the state’s health and safety code to add butane as a controlled substance. This would have limited sales, and created a database for those who purchase it.

“I empathize with the author’s intent to address the tragic explosions that can occur at illegal butane hash-oil production sites”, Governor Brown said in his official veto note. “Unfortunately, I believe this bill takes a very expensive approach that may not ultimately solve the problem. The Department of Public Health is currently working on regulations that will be finalized at the end of this year that move this type of production out of the shadows and into a safe and regulated environment. I believe any additional legislation aimed at curbing illegal butane use should be more narrowly tailored, and not place a uniform limit on an industry that has many other legitimate uses.”

Governor Brown also vetoed Assembly Bill 350, which would have prohibited the manufacturing of marijuana edibles made into shapes that could be considered enticing to children, such as gummy bears or worms.

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Justice Department Names New DEA Acting Administrator

Thu, 10/05/2017 - 03:46
The Department of Justice has officially designated Robert W. Patterson as the Drug Enforcement Administration acting administrator.

New DEA Acting Administrator Robert W. Patterson.

Patterson’s appointment comes after the resignation of now-former DEA Chief Chuck Rosenberg, who stepped down because he feels President Trump doesn’t respect the law. Patterson was appointed as DEA’s principal deputy administrator in November 2016. In that role, he served as DEA’s chief operating officer, overseeing all of the agency’s enforcement, intelligence, administrative, and regulatory activities worldwide. He is the highest ranking career special agent at DEA.

Patterson came to this position after serving as DEA’s chief inspector beginning in November 2015. As the chief inspector, he had oversight of the Office of Inspections, the Office of Security Programs, and the Office of Professional Responsibility. Collectively, these offices comprise DEA’s internal affairs, compliance, and security programs and provide guidance and support to DEA Headquarters and Field Offices.

Prior to his appointment as the chief inspector, Patterson served in a variety other positions within DEA, including assistant special agent in charge, and later acting special agent in charge of the DEA Special Operations Division, where he oversaw classified programs, and communication exploitation tools, in support of field operations.

Prior to his assignment at SOD, Patterson was a group supervisor in the agency’s Miami Division, where he led the operations of the Orlando District Office Task Force, and later served as acting ASAC.

Patterson began his career with DEA in 1988 in the New York Division, where he worked numerous racketeering influenced and corrupt organizations, known as RICO, investigations. He was also part of a special program established to combat the growing opioid epidemic and associated violence in the greater New York area.

At this point it’s unclear how long Patterson will remain as acting administrator before a permanent DEA Chief is named.

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World Anti-Doping Agency Removes Cannabidiol (CBD) from Prohibited Substances List

Wed, 10/04/2017 - 10:56
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has officially removed cannabidiol (CBD) from their 2018 list of prohibited substances.

“Cannabidiol is no longer prohibited”, states a WADA document titled Summary of Major Modifications and Explanatory Notes, 2018 Prohibited List. WADA is however banning synthetic cannabinoids such as K2 and spice.

“Synthetic cannabidiol is not a cannabimimetic; however, cannabidiol extracted from cannabis plants may also contain varying concentrations of THC, which remains a prohibited substance,” the document notes.

Given that CBD is allowed but THC isn’t, athletes hoping to use the substance without failing a drug test will need to make sure they use CBD derived from hemp, or CBD that has been entirely separated from any traceable level of THC.

WADA’s threshold for THC is 150 nanograms per milliliter of blood.

The document listing this change, among others, can be found by clicking here.

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Atlanta City Council Unanimously Approves Marijuana Decriminalization Ordinance

Mon, 10/02/2017 - 21:16
In a unanimous vote Atlanta’s full City Council has given approval to a marijuana decrim measure.

Today the council unanimously approved Ordinance 17-O-1152, introduced by Councilmember Kwanza Hall on March 20th.

“Today we stand with every parent of Atlanta who is fearful of or has seen their children’s lives destroyed, or careers ruined because of a racist policy that unjustly incarcerated minorities by more than ninety percent,” said Hall following the vote.  “Reforming the racist marijuana laws on the book in Atlanta has been just one in a number of reforms that I have fought for.

Hall continued; “And one of the leaders who recognized the unfairness and harshness of the law was Dr. George Napper, who was our city’s first African American Chief of Police, and I’d like to thank him for his support”.

This legislation was one in a series of justice reform policies Councilman Hall has introduced, including “Ban the Box” which passed in 2014, the creation of the Pre-Arrest Diversion Pilot Program in 2015, a law enforcement transparency and accountability measure and legislation to end broken windows policing in 2016.

One of the most powerful speakers during the vote was Charnette Trimble of Council District 4.  “You destroy the black male, and you destroy the black family unit.”

The ordinance changes the penalty in the Atlanta Municipal code for possession of marijuana less than an ounce from the “general penalty” –which is a fine of up to $1000 and up to six months in jail–to a maximum fine of $75 and no jail time.

The legislation had been held since May. A key fact presented during the debate is that in Atlanta, the overwhelming number of arrests for marijuana-related offenses are African Americans (92%), even though studies have determined usage is at similar levels across racial demographics.

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Marijuana Expungement Bill Becomes Law in Maryland

Mon, 10/02/2017 - 20:36
A marijuana expungement bill has officially become law in Maryland.

Senate Bill 949 was given approval by the House in April with a vote of 94 to 43; prior to that the measure passed the Senate with a unanimous 47 to 0 vote. Following inaction from Governor Larry Hogan, the legislation officially became law on Sunday, October 1st.

According to official language, Senate Bill 949 would allow for the expungement (removal) of a marijuana charge if “the person was convicted of possession of marijuana under §5–601 of the Criminal Law Article”. The measure initially required “that filing fees for petitions for expungement collected by the District Court be remitted to the Administrative Office of the Court be used only for a specified purpose”, but that was amended out in the House.

October 1, 2014 marked the start of a statewide policy in Maryland that decriminalized the possession of up to 10 grams of cannabis, which was previously an arrestable misdemeanor.

For the full text of Senate Bill 949, click here.

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Nevada: Over $27 Million in Marijuana Sold in First Month of Legal Sales

Sat, 09/30/2017 - 05:50
Millions of dollars worth of marijuana was sold in Nevada in July, the month such sales became legal.

In total, there was $27.1 million in marijuana sold in Nevada in July. By comparison, Washington State sold just $3.8 million in legal marijuana during their first full month of legal sales (which was also in July), and Colorado sold roughly $14 million.

According  to the Nevada Department of Taxation, the state garnered $10.2 million in taxes during July; $6.5 million from industry fees and $3.68 million from tax revenue. Governor Brian Sandoval projects the state to bring in around$100 million over the next two fiscal years from such taxes and fees. However, new projections find that the number may end up closer to $120 million, says Stephanie Klapstein, a spokesperson for the Department of Taxation.

According to Klapstein, Nevada made $2.71 million from the 10% tax on marijuana sales, plus $974,060 from the 15% wholesale tax paid by cultivators.

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Report: Marijuana “Gateway Drug” Theory is a Fallacy

Thu, 09/28/2017 - 21:36
The theory that marijuana is a “gateway drug”, meaning it leads to the use of harder drugs, is a fallacy, according to a new report.

The report, conducted by the Benjamin Center for Public Policy Initiatives at SUNY New Paltz, explicitly rejects allegations that marijuana makes people susceptible to the use of other illicit substances, or that a causal link exists between marijuana use and drugs such as heroin.

“There is compelling and enduring evidence that marijuana is not a gateway drug,” states the report. “Yet, non-evidence-based political factors on both the left and the right remain the reason for the persistence of the gateway myth.”

According to Paul Armentano, Deputy Director for NORML; “Prior analyses from the National Academy of Sciences and the Rand Corporation’s Drug Policy Research Center similarly conclude that “marijuana has no causal influence over hard drug initiation.” By contrast, several recent studies indicate that those with legal cannabis access typically mitigate their use of other controlled substances, such as opioids and cocaine.”

The full report, titled “The Marijuana Gateway Fallacy“, can be found by clicking here.

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Study: Cannabis Legalization has Significantly Increased Property Values in Denver

Thu, 09/28/2017 - 04:39
A new study conducted by researchers at the Wisconsin School of Business has found that marijuana legalization has had a large impact in Denver.

New research from the Wisconsin School of Business at the University of Wisconsin–Madison reveals that property values in the immediate vicinity of Denver’s retail marijuana establishments increased by more than eight percent since the law took effect on January 1, 2014. Moussa Diop, Wisconsin School of Business assistant professor of real estate & urban land economics, along with James Conklin of the University of Georgia and Herman Li of California State University, says the relationship between house prices and retail conversions is particularly important with voters in four states legalizing recreational marijuana use last November and others likely to follow.

“The presence of retail marijuana establishments clearly had a short-term positive impact on nearby properties in Denver,” says Diop. “This suggests that in addition to the sales and business taxes generated from the retail marijuana industry, municipalities may experience an increase in property taxes. It’s an important piece of the puzzle as more and more voters and policy-makers look for evidence about the effects of legalizing recreational marijuana, as the issue is taken up by state legislatures across the country.”

According to a press release from the University of Wisconsin; “Single family residences within 0.1 miles of a retail marijuana establishment saw an increase in value of approximately 8.4 percent compared to those located slightly further—between 0.1 miles and 0.25 miles—from the site. That increase in property value was estimated to be almost $27,000 for an average house in the area.”

While the study did not seek to identify the underlying drivers of what led to an increase in property values near retail conversions, the authors did identify potential explanations including:

  • a surge in housing demand spurred by marijuana-related employment growth;
  • lower crime rates; and
  • additional amenities locating in close proximity to retail conversions.

The findings are in line with a 2016 study that identified a six percent increase in housing values on average in municipalities across the state of Colorado that allowed retail marijuana sales.

The study relied on residential property information from the City of Denver’s Open Data Catalog and a list of retail licenses granted by the Colorado Department of Revenue, the agency responsible for administering the new law.

The paper, “Contact High: The External Effects of Retail Marijuana Establishments on House Prices” will be published in Real Estate Economics.

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Almost Half of Canadians Will Try Marijuana Edibles Once Legal, 68% Support Legalization

Thu, 09/28/2017 - 04:16
A new study shows that a large number of Canadians plan to try marijuana edibles once the nation legalizes cannabis, and an even higher number is in favor of legalization.

The study, conducted at Dalhousie University, found that 46% of Canadians would try cannabis-infused food products if they became available on the market. 39% would be willing to try it in a restaurant, and 20% said that they know enough about cooking with marijuana to do it at home.

The preliminary study, entitled Cannabis-infused food and Canadian consumers’ willingness to consider recreational marijuana as a food ingredient was led by Dr. Sylvain Charlebois, professor in food distribution and policy at the Faculty of Management at Dalhousie University, and lead author of the well-known Canada’s Food Price Report. Dr. Simon Somogyi, associate professor in the Faculty of Agriculture at Dalhousie, co-authored the study. A total of 1087 people took part in the survey, conducted in English and French over four weeks in August 2017.

The survey shows that the majority of Canadians (68%) are supportive of legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes, with British Columbians being the most supportive (79%) and people on the Prairies being the least (54%).

“People are interested in cooking with marijuana, but they don’t yet know how,” says Sylvain Charlebois. “However, younger people and those from higher income households are more likely to feel confident in their abilities.” Baked goods, oils and spices are among the products survey respondents said they’d be interested in trying.

In April the Canadian government released their plan to legalize the possession, use and distribution of cannabis (through licensed cannabis outlets and through online delivery) for those 18 and older by 2018.

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Atlanta Council Committee Votes to Decriminalize Marijuana

Thu, 09/28/2017 - 03:25
A city council committee in Atlanta has approved a measure that would decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.

The ordinance, which would decriminalize possession of less than an ounce of cannabis, was given approval today by the city council’s Public Safety Committee. Under the proposed law possessing less than an ounce of marijuana would carry a maximum fine of $75. Under current law possessing even a gram is punishable by up to six months in jail and/or an $1,000 fine.

“Court costs, the jail time, ruining young peoples lives, they lose their scholarships, it breaks up families, and it wastes our tax dollars. That’s the reason for doing this,” says City Councilmember Kwanza Hall, who’s also a mayoral candidate. Former Senator Vincent Fort, another mayoral candidate, also recently announced his support for decriminalizing marijuana.

“In Atlanta and in Fulton County, 93 percent of the arrests for small amounts of marijuana are the arrests of African-Americans,” Councilmember Hall told local WGCL-TV earlier this month. Hall called this “the most biased rate of arrests in the country.”

The measure will now be sent to a vote by the full city council; if approved, Mayor Kasim Reed will have eight days to sign it into law, veto it, or allow it to become law without his signature. It’s unclear at this point what Reed would do; he’s opposed to legalizing marijuana, calling it a “gateway drug”, but has also said he believes marijuana prohibition is a tool used  to discriminate against minorities and the poor

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DEA Chief Resigning by Week’s End

Wed, 09/27/2017 - 05:55
Chuck Rosenberg, head of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), will resign at the end of the week, according to law enforcement officials.

According to a report today by the New York Times, Rosenberg plans to retire as he’s become convinced that President Trump has little respect for the law. Rosenberg, who was appointed by President Barack Obama in 2015, has twice served as chief of staff to the former F.B.I. director James B. Comey, who was fired by Trump in May.

Rosenberg’s exit doesn’t come as much surprise; In late July he reportedly told the deputy attorney general, Rod J. Rosenstein that he did not want to be considered as the permanent administrator of the DEA.

Earlier today Rosenberg sent a letter to DEA employees stating, “The neighborhoods in which we live are better for your commitment to the rule of law, dedication to the cause of justice and perseverance in the face of adversity. You will continue to do great things. I will continue to root for you, now from the sidelines.”

It’s unclear who will be appointed by President Trump to replace Mr. Rosenberg.

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Philippines Health Committee Approves Bill to Legalize Medical Cannabis

Tue, 09/26/2017 - 23:34
A key legislative committee in the Philippines has given approval to legislation that would legalize medical cannabis throughout the country.

The House Health Committee approved House Bill 180 on Monday, known as the Philippine Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act. The bill, which now moves towards a vote by the full House of Representatives, would legalize and regulate the possession, use and distribution of cannabis for medical purposes, for those who receive a recommendation from a licensed physician.

Under the proposed law, sponsored by Representative Rodolfo Albano (Isabela), Medical Cannabis Compassionate Centers, licensed by the Department of Health, would be established in certain hospitals, including state-accredited hospitals, private tertiary hospitals and specialty hospitals. They would be authorized to sell cannabis and cannabis products to qualified patients or their  designated caregiver. The measure states that only a pharmacist with an S3 license issued by the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency can actually sell and dispense the medicine.

House Bill 180 would also create the Medical Cannabis Research and Safety Compliance Facilities, where medical cannabis research can be legally conducted.

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Study: 24% of Cancer Patients Use Medical Marijuana, 74% Want More Info

Mon, 09/25/2017 - 18:35
According to a new study published in the journal Cancer, nearly one in four cancer patients have consumed medical marijuana in the past year, with more than one in five having consumed it in the past month.

“Cannabis is purported to alleviate symptoms related to cancer treatment, although the patterns of use among cancer patients are not well known”, states the study’s abstract. “This study was designed to determine the prevalence and methods of use among cancer patients, the perceived benefits, and the sources of information in a state with legalized cannabis.”

For the study, “A cross-sectional, anonymous survey of adult cancer patients was performed at a National Cancer Institute–designated cancer center in Washington State. Random urine samples for tetrahydrocannabinol provided survey validation.”

926 cancer patients completed the survey, with a median age of 58 years. “Most had a strong interest in learning about cannabis during treatment”, with 74% wanting “information from cancer providers.”

Previous cannabis use was common (66%), 24% used cannabis in the last year, and 21% used cannabis in the last month.” Researchers state that; “Random urine samples found similar percentages of users who reported weekly use (27 of 193 [14%] vs 164 of 926 [18%]). Active users inhaled (153 of 220 [70%]) or consumed edibles (154 of 220 [70%]); 89 (40%) used both modalities.” Cannabis was used primarily for “physical (165 of 219 [75%]) and neuropsychiatric symptoms (139 of 219 [63%]).” Legalization significantly increased the likelihood of use in more than half of the respondents.

Researchers conclude by stating; “This study of cancer patients in a state with legalized cannabis found high rates of active use across broad subgroups, and legalization was reported to be important in patients’ decision to use. Cancer patients desire but are not receiving information about cannabis use during their treatment from oncology providers.”

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